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Malabar Neem Plants
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- Synonym : Melia composita wild
- Kannad : Hebbevu
- Family : Miliaceae.
- Tamil : Maali vembu
- TRADE: Malbar Nim wood
- Telgu : Munnattikaraka
More Plants :
- A large tree, achieving a height of 20 meter with a dispersive crown & a barrels shaped straight bole of 9 meter length X 1.2 to 1.5 meter girth found in North Bengal, and Sikkim Himalayas. Upper Assam, hills of Orissa, Khasi Hills, Descant, N. Circas, and Western Ghats at altitude of 1500 to 1800 meter.
- It grows fast and is utilized for reafforestation purposes. (Troup, I 186: Burkill, II 1443: Bor, 253) and yields a helpful timber.
Site Factors : In its naturalistic habitat the absolute maximum shade temp. changes from 37.5 to 47.5 C and the absolute min. varies from 0 to 15 Celsius. It does well in moisture-centric areas, with a mean yearly rainfall exceeding 1000 millimeter. The mean respective humidity in July changes from 70% to 90% and in January from 50% to 80%.
Topography : It is normally found in the hills at elevations varying from 600 to 1800m.
- The rooted small plants are planted onset of the monsoon or throughout the monsoon.
- The recommend size of pit is 2' x 2'- 0.60m Cube.
- Espacement of 3.5m x 3.5m is suggested. This will provide better perimeter in in a shorter time span.
Growth Statistics : The growth is speedy. Specimens of GAMBLES gave 8 to 12 rings per decimeter of radius (mean yearly girth increment 5.3 to 8 cm) for a Tamil Nadu sample, and 28 rings per decimeter (mean yearly girth gain 2.3 cm) for a sample from Bengal. North Kanara in Karnataka sample showed 12 to 16 rings per decimeter of radius (Talbot, 1909) providing a mean yearly girth enhancement of 4 to 5.3 cm. Trees developed in the Calcutta Botanical Gardens from sample from Malbar origin are said to get reached in seven years an average height of 14 meter and a circumference of 112 centimeter at breast height. This rate of development is equal to 4-rings per decimeter of radius. Even in relatively dry areas with a rainfall of 750 to 1000 millimeter, a height of 3 to 4.5 meter is got in plantations, against 6 to 7.5 meter in more compatible locations.
- Mechanical & Physical Properties of the Wood : The sapwood is greyish-white, normally with a yellowish cast; the 'heartwood' is light pink to light red when initially exposed, processing to pale russet brown, in case of grey stain. It is bright and without characteristic taste or smell.
- It is lightweight (sp.gr. approx. 0.34, weight at 12.5 moisture content around 336 kg/m3), straight-grained, coarse and rather uneven-textured. Yearly growth rings are different but not specific and number 12 to 16 per decimeter of radius.
- Seasoning & Preservation behaviour : In case of conversion of logs in green state the timber season well, although if left long in the log, it is responsible to develop end dividing and decoration. Like several other meliaceous timbers, it it gets contracted very much across the grain at the time of drying out. The best technique of dealing with the timber is to turn into the logs as soon after reaping as possible and to open stack the sawn stuff, ideally undercover so as to avoid grey stain.
- Present day usages : The wood is utilized for packing cigar boxes, cases, ceiling planks, agricultural implements, building purposes,pencils, matchboxes, catamarans and splints. In Srilanka, it is preferred to use for outriggers of boats. It is best suitable for tea boxes, musical instruments, and especially in making plywood because the wood is termite resistant by itself.
The details of quality & technical specifications are as follows :
- The logs had great moisture contents & were green.
- All the logs were round & good for peeling. Roundness look inbuilt quality of this tree.
- Logs peel effortlessly.
- Veneer strong and firm.
- Outturn is outstanding - 70 per cent and better in fresh cut logs.
- 2 small logs were peeled off for faces. Quality got was acceptable.
- These veneers presses to M.R.Grade Plywood, and in blend with other veneers gave brilliant results.
- (Pearson & Brown, I 243; Cameran, 64; Macmillan, 96, 213; Rama Rao, 73; Trotter, 1944, 217; Indian For., 1948, 74, 279)
Economics of Melia Dubia Cultivation :
- Preliminaries / Farmyard manure / Pitting / Planting etc. Rs. 20,000
- Cost of Drip line Rs . 40,000
- Cost of 400 rooted plants: Rs. 200/- each. Rs. 80,000
- Total Expenditure for the year is Rs. 1,40,000
- Add : Weeding / Manure / Watering etc until eight years Rs. 40,000
- Total Cost Rs. 1,80,000
Income : (After 8 years)
- Average yield 20 Cubic feet wood / tree X 400 trees. = 8000 Cft
- Realisation at the rate of Rs. * 200/ cft. X 8000 = Rs. 16,00,000
- Net Income : Rs.14,20,00